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Typical Fauna of the region: | Birds | Mammals | Reptiles & Amphibians ||| Habitats: | Pampas | River | Gallery Forest | Rainforest | Flooded Forest ||| Birds of Beni Pampas

Typical Fauna of the Region

Lists of birds, mammals and reptiles follows. Lists include those species most likely to be observed and identified, as well as rare or threatened species noted next.

-> *astericks indicate important species - rare or threatened - that we make an extra effort to find and observe; *asterícos indican especies de importancia - raras o amenezadas - en que enfocamos en encontrar y observar

-> Habitat codes (=first letter of habitat name in Spanish; where species are typically observed): P = Savanna / Pampas; R = River / Rio; G = Gallery Forest / Bosque de Galeria; S = Rainforest / Selva; I = Flooded Forest / Bosque inundadizo; (n) = Noche/Night

-> Note: English common name given first; in parentheses fin the local common name, then either the species name (italics) or family name (capitalized).

Birds / Aves

P ***rhea (piyo; Rhea americana)
G S I tinamous (perdíces; Tinamidae)
R neotropical cormorant (pato cuervo; Phalocrocorax brasilianus)
R anhinga (pugilla; Anhinga anhinga)
R herons (garzas; Ardeidae)
R G (n) black-crowned night heron (cuajo nocturno; Nycticorax nycticorax)
R G (n) boat-billed heron (cuajo pico ancho; Cochlearius cochlearius)
P R G storks (batos; Ciconidae)
P G ***southern screamer (tapacarés; Chauna torquata)
R geese (ganzos; Anatidae)
R ducks (patos; Anatidae)
P G S I hawks and eagles (aguilas; Accipitridae)
G S I ***harpy eagle (Harpia harpia)
P R falcons (halcones; Falconidae)
R G S I *guans and currasows (pavas; Cracidae)
G I gray-necked wood-rail (bandurria; Aramides cajanea)
S pale-winged trumpeter (yacamí; Psophia leucoptera)
G I jacana (jacana; Jacana jacana)
R gulls (gaviotas; Laridae)
R black skimmer (gaviota negra; Rynchops niger)
P G S I parrots (loros; Psittacidae)
P G S I ***macaws (parabas; Ara sp.)
G hoatzin (serere; Opisthocomus hoazin)
G S I (n) owls (buho; Strigidae)
G S I (n) potoos (guajojo; Nyctibidae)
G S I (n) nightjar (cuyabo; Caprimulgidae)
P G S hummingbirds (picaflores; Trochilidae)
R kingfishers (martin pescadores; Alcedidae)
P G S toucans (tucanes; Rhamphastidae)
P ***toco toucan (tucan de la pampa; Rhamphastos toco)

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Mammals / Mamíferos

G S I (n) night monkey (mono nocturno; Aotus sp.)
G S I red howler monkey (maneche colorado; Alouatta seniculus)
G S I brown capuchin monkey (silbador; Cebus apella)
G S I common squirrel monkey (chichilo; Saimiri sciureus)
S ***black spider monkey (marimono; Ateles belzebuth)
P S *giant anteater (oso bandera; Myrmecophaga tridactyla)
P G S collared anteater (oso hormiguero; Tamandua tetradactyla)
G S I sloths (perezosos; Bradypus sp.)
P armadillos (armadillos; Dasypodidae)
P ***maned wolf (borochi; Chrysocyon brachyurus)
G S I ***puma (león; Puma concolor)
G S I ***small cats (tigrecillos; Leopardus and Herpailurus sp.)
G S I ***jaguar (jaguar; Pantera onca)
R neotropical otter (lobito del rio; Lutra longicaudis)
R *giant otter (londra; Pteronura brasiliensis)
G S I (n) tayra (melero; Eira barbara)
G S I (n) kinkajou (mono wichi; Potus flavus)
G S I ***tapir (tapir; Tapirus terrestris)
G S I peccaries (chanchos; Tayassu sp.)
P ***swamp deer (ciervo de los pantanos; Blastocerus dichotomus)
P G S I deer (venados; Mazama sp.)
R G capybara (capibara; Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris)
S (n) brown agouti (jochi colorado; Dasyprocta variegata)
S (n) paca (jochi pintado; Agouti paca)
R ***pink river dolphin (delfin rosada; Inia geoffrensis)

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Reptiles & Amphibians / Reptiles e Anfibios

R (n) caiman
R (n) ***black caiman; caiman negro
R (n) lagarto
R turtle; tortuga
P I snakes; vivoras y culebras
P ***anacondas
P G S I frogs; sapos
P G S I toads; ranas
P G S I lizards

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*capitalized letters indicate habitat codes used in fauna lists

Savana / Pampas: Habitat dominated by grasses and situated in tropical lowlands subject to periodic fires. Depending upon precipitation rate, some are flooded seasonally. Scattered, fire-resistant trees and shrubs are present. Among the vast grasslands are abundant, dispersed individuals of Black Palm (“palma negra”), cactus growing alongside palms, “motacu” (Sheelea princeps) palm forests, and strangler figs (Ficus sp.), epiphytic bromeliads (Bromeliacea) and elephant ear (Araceae) plants. Hábitat dominado por pastos y situado en tierras bajas tropicales, sujeto a incendios periódicos. Dependiendo del régimen de precipitación, algunas se inundan estacionalmente. Presenta árboles y arbustos disperses resistentes al fuego.

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River / Rio: The water and beaches of the Beni, Tuichi, Quiquibey and Yacuma Rivers. El agua y playas de los rios Beni, Tuichi, Quiquibey y Yacuma.

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Gallery Forest / Bosque de Galeria: The corridor of forest along a river that floods during the rainy season. Corredor de bosque a lo largo de un río; se inunda durante la estación lluviosa.

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Rainforest / Selva: Tropical forest found in places with abundant precipitation and high temperature; it has a complex structure formed by five strata and a high density and variety of trees (in 10 km2, it is possible to find up to 750 species). Primary forest is that which has not been disturbed for a very long time (old growth), and signs of human impact or natural catastrophes are not evident. Bosque tropical que se encuentra en lugares con abundante precipitación y altas temperatures; Presenta una estructura compleja formado por 5 estratos y una alta densidad y variedad de árboles (en 10 km2 pueden encontrarse hasta 750 especies). Bosque primario es lo que no ha sido perturbado por un largo periodo de tiempo y no presenta senales de intervención humana o de catastrophes naturales.

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Flooded Forest / Bosque Inundadizo: Forest that floods during the rainy season. May be either tall forest or low forest. Often dominated by palms ("palm swamps"). Bosque que se inunda durante la estación lluviosa. Puede ser un bosque alto o un bosque bajo. Frequentamente dominado por palmas.

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Birds of Beni Pampas

Typical species
Blue-black Grassquit (Volatinia jacarina), Chalk-browed Mockingbird (Mimus saturninus), Grassland Sparrow (Ammodramus humeralis), Lineated Woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus), Long-winged Harrier (Circus buffoni), Pale-breasted Spinetail (Synallaxis albescens), Pauraque (Nyctidromus albicollis), Purplish Jay (Cyanocorax cyanomelas), Rusty-backed Antwren (Formicivora rufa), Sedge Wren (Cistothorus plaatensis), Southern Lapwing (Vanellus chilensis), Southern Screamer (Chauna torquata), Straight-billed Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus picus), Striped Cuckoo (Tapera naevia), Tropical Screech-Owl (Otus choliba), Wedge-tailed Grassfinch (Emberizoides herbicola), White-rumped Monjita (Xolmis velata), White-tailed Goldenthroat (Polytmus guainumbi)

Agami Heron (Agamia agamia), Black-billed Seed-Finch (Oryzoborus atrirostris), Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus melanoleucus), Crested Eagle (Morphnus guianensis), Cock-tailed Tyrant (Alecturus tricolor), Dark-throated Seedeater (Sporophila ruficollis), Greater Rhea (Rhea americana), Grey-and-chestnut Seedeater (Sporophila hypochroma) (Rufous-rumped Seedeater), Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja), Hudson's Black-Tyrant (Knipolegus hudsoni), Ocellated Crake (Micropygia schomburgkii), Orinoco Goose (Neochen jubata), Sharp-tailed Tyrant (Culicivora caudacata), Unicoloured Thrush (Turdus haplochrous), White-rumped Tanager (Cypsnagra hirundinacea), ZigZag Heron (Zebrilus undulates)

Black-masked Finch (Coryphaspiza melanotis) (Vulnerable), Crowned Eagle (Harpyhaliaetus coronatus) (Vulnerable), Military Macaw (Ara militaris) (Vulnerable), Rufous-faced Crake (Laterallus xenopterus) (Vulnerable), White-winged Nightjar (Caprimulgus candicans) (Critically endangered)

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